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The complex nature of Alerts, Warnings, and Notifications programs can often make it difficult to clearly explain to Alert Originators the mechanisms available and how to access each system. Having a clear breakdown of the differences between the communication pathways and key contact information can be critical in sending effective and timely life-saving alerts during an incident or disaster. It is encouraged that this information be available during onboarding and refresher training for all employees using alerting platforms.
B. Agency Need
In 1 paragraph, describe the agency’s need(s) for alerts, warnings, and notifications in day to day operations:
|System Name||Audience||Benefits||Vendor Information||Login Instructions|
|Currently, there are no Alerting Sytems and Tactics|
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) are a key factor in successfully sending alerts to the public in a consistent and timely manner. Including SOPs in the training process can ensure new and existing employees have a clear understanding of what is expected of them and can access critical information efficiently during an emergency event. It also ensures the alerting process is quick, accurate, and avoids public confusion, delayed public response, and degraded trust in alerting systems due to alert errors.
(No Training Positions Have Been Entered)
B. Username and Password Storage Guidelines
|Password Update Requirements||(n/a)|
|Password Update Guidelines||(n/a)|
Training is vitally important for every AWN program.
A. List all AWN roles, required training, and schedule associated with each role:
|Currently, there are no AWN Training Roles|
Outline your policy for unexpected situations, including approval chain of command in an emergency, back up data, etc.
A. Who is in the approval chain of command for sending alerts in an emergency?
|Currently, there is no Approval Chain of Command|
In case of an emergency, knowledge redundancy can save time and lives. Consider having another staff member trained on the Alert Originators position. If your agency has a knowledge redundancy system in place, list the contact information below:
E. What is the policy on backing up data during an emergency?
F. List your message cancellation strategy:
G. List your plan to mitigate any negative impacts of false alerts:
It is vitally important that alert originators have access to templates and pre-scripted messages during an event or disaster.
A. List where any template and pre-scripted messages are kept or stored.
B. List where any training documentation or materials is stored.
Research has found that some translated messages tend to use more characters than English versions of the same message. Ensure all translated messages are still within the 90- and 360-character limits.
A. Explain how your agency plans to mitigate translation discrepancies
Knowing which codes your agency has access to can save time during an emergency. Below are the codes your agency is authorized to use:
Currently, there are no Event Codes
If your vendor has provided your agency with vendor-specific information, include below:
A. Alert System Testing
|System Name||How Often Agency Conducts Tests||Test Conductors|
|Currently, there are no Alert Systems|
B. List your schedule for performing the required monthly testing through the FEMA IPAWS Lab:
C. List how your agency accesses the IPAWS Lab:
A. How often does your agency audit your SOPs?
Understanding what information an alert should contain is important for public recipients taking protective action and should be a main focus of AWN training. Alerting Administrators are highly encouraged to make the alert templates as they appear in the alerting system and have sample messages available during the training process. These templates should also include multiple situations in which an alert needs to be sent to ensure that proper context can be applied around each situation (e.g. street closures during a planned event).
Each 90 character message is composed of six (6) basic elements, listed in the table below:
|A. Source:||i.e., Aitkin County Sheriff|
|B. Guidance - What to Do:||i.e., Advises Take Shelter Now|
|C. Hazard - Where:||i.e., Chlorine Gas in this Area|
|D. Termination in Local Time Zone:||i.e., until 4:30PM|
|F. Phone Number:||(n/a)|
An example of a 90 character message is as follows:
Aitkin County Sheriff Advises Take Shelter Now - Chlorine Gas in this area until 4:30PM
|Message ID||90 Character Message|
|Currently, there are no 90 character messages.|
Each 360 character message is composed of seven (7) basic elements, listed in the table below:
|A. Insert title and organization of a local, familiar, authoritative message source:||i.e., Elm County Sheriff.|
|B. Insert a brief description of the event:||i.e., Floodwaters are approaching Wood City and will hit two blocks on both sides of Elm Creek from Hwy 110 to Maple Road.|
|C. Insert the time the event occurred:||i.e., Starting at 11am EST|
|D. Insert a brief description of risk to the people within the boundaries of this event:||i.e., The water will be above rooftops.|
|E. Insert a brief description of guidance to the people within the boundaries of this event:||i.e., Move two blocks plus from the creek now and be there no later than 6:00 pm to avoid the flood. ')|
|F. Termination in Local Time Zone:||i.e., This message expires at 11:00 pm, May 15, 2017.|
|G. Insert addition of URL, phone number, or social media link:||i.e., Call (123) 456-7890 for more information|
An example of a 360 character message is as follows:
Elm County Sheriff. Floodwaters are approaching Wood City and will hit two blocks on both sides of Elm Creek from Hwy 110 to Maple Road. Starting at 11am EST. People outside will be washed downstream. The water will be above rooftops. Move two blocks plus from the creek now and be there no later than 6:00 pm to avoid the flood. This message expires at 11:00 pm, May 15, 2017. Call (123) 456-7890 for more information.
|Message ID||360 Character Message|
|Currently, there are no 360 character messages.|
Using tools routinely through system training environments allows Alert Originators to practice alerting procedures and gain familiarity with alerting technologies to minimize errors during an incident. Alerting Administrators are highly encouraged to include hands-on-use of their alert platform training environment (if available) as part of their training program. The following are areas that Alert Originators and Alerting Administrators should consider covering as part of their hands-on use training:
The following are areas that Alert Originators should consider covering as part of their hands-on use training:
A. Do you have any agency-specific trainings for your Alert Originators?
The following are areas that Alerting Administrators should consider covering as part of their hands-on use training:
A. Do you have any agency-specific trainings for your Alerting Authorities?
Including alert training in an organization’s test, training and exercise (TT&E) programs can provide an additional level of context that otherwise could be limited in traditional training settings. Where possible, Alerting Administrators are encouraged to leverage TT&E programs as a means to offer additional training for Alert Originators as well as broader audiences that might be directly or indirectly involved in the alerting process. These TT&E programs could include the integration of IPAWS capabilities into existing interagency, multi-agency, or community exercises. Alerting Administrators are encouraged to include the following as part of exercises:
It is important to test your templates. Testing methods may be devised locally with assistance from software vendors during training, or with instructions from the IPAWS Lab. FEMA maintains the IPAWS functional laboratory and provides interoperability and functional testing support, Information Assurance support, and overall technical support.
Currently, there is no operating group.
Currently, there are no media agreements.